stadium engineering

Stadium construction engineering has come a long way

Engineers are expert, and they are present at the conceptualization of designs for projects. In the construction of stadia, structural engineers ensure that materials and plans for the formwork have the best quality. However, engineering for stadium construction must include architects, quantity surveyors, and other experts. Let’s discuss different aspects of stadium construction.

Overview of a Stadium

A stadium (Stadion in Greek) is a structure and venue for outdoor games. The outdoor arena of a standard stadium includes tracks and fields. However, you’ll see indoor spaces like the multi-purpose hall for sports competition. Typically, the standard dimension of a football field is 120m X 90m, and it has a rectangular seating arrangement for spectators. Some standard structural features include ticket counters, press boxes, referee room, players’ rooms, physiotherapy Room, and control rooms. You’ll also see electricity control rooms, canteens, fire hydrants, gymnasium, parking garages, and VIP lounge. Additionally, there are entrance and exit points at strategic corners of the stadium. These multiple entries and exit points help to evacuate the stadium during emergencies.

Pre-conceptualization Phase

The pre-concept phase of stadium construction involves methodology of site survey, data collection, and requirements of the project brief. Usually, this phase takes a few months to complete, and it consists of the collaboration of construction experts.

Conceptualization Phase

The phase of conceptualization involves the submission of initial architectural proposals, adoption of stadium design models, and materials.

Schematic Design Phase
Engineering for stadium construction is determined by structural reviews, design criteria, and crowd modelling.

Designing the Layout

The layout of a stadium will include different types of structures. Usually, the stadium’s design is an accurate representation that’s done with software. While using the AutoCAD software, architects represent respective areas on the layout with dimensions. Also, designs of staircases, slabs, columns, beams, and general structure must align with the grade of steel bars and concrete. Generally, the engineering design of a stadium includes stadium layout, plan, elevation, and design.

Methods of Design

There are two basic methods of design that applies to stadium construction. These methods of design include Working Stress, and Limit State (Ultimate Load). When structural engineers plan to use the statistical concept of safety, they apply the Limit State design. However, they use the same design method when it involves the statistical probability of failure. Additionally, long-lasting materials like metal tubes and aluminium sheet are used during stadium construction.

Pre-conceptualization Phase

The pre-concept phase of stadium construction involves methodology of site survey, data collection, and requirements of the project brief. Usually, this phase takes a few months to complete, and it consists of the collaboration of construction experts.

Conceptualization Phase

The phase of conceptualization involves the submission of initial architectural proposals, adoption of stadium design models, and materials.

Schematic Design Phase

Engineering for stadium construction is determined by structural reviews, design criteria, and crowd modelling.

Reviewing Structural Designs

The structure of a stadium is included various components like walls, pillars, slabs, footings, beams, lintels, and more. As for safety rule for structures, stability is measured through load assessments. Also, the weight of any superstructure like a stadium is transferred to its foundation.

What Are the Roles of Architects in Stadium Construction?

  1. The roles of architects in the engineering of stadium construction are listed accordingly
  2. They create initial (preliminary) steps for architectural designs
  3. They coordinate project location assessment and conform with standards of regulatory agencies
  4. Architects produce designs; assist in all developmental phases of project drawings

What Are the Roles of Structural Engineers in Stadium Construction?

  1. Structural engineers ensure that constructions adhere to building codes, and regulations
  2. They supervise the process of making designs and constructing the project.
  3. They support architects in developmental phases of drawings and get suitable points to site foundations, pillars, columns, beams and roof.